June 29, 2011 | Ronda Jambe

And God created Italy…

What would Italy be like if the Christian religion had forbidden the creation of paintings, frescoes and statues that tell its stories? And why did they build so many churches when the population  must have been so small? By chance, I read Ken Follett’s Pillars of the Earth my first two weeks here, which gives lots of background on the social, political and economic context for the building of great cathedrals in 12th century England. Similar factors must have been operating in Italy, when temporal and spirital power overlapped much more.

I reckon nowhere on this planet comes close to the delights of Italy, if history-soaked architecture  and art combined with cultural largesse and people with style to burn and attitude to match are the benchmark. Umbria in central Italy provides a setting molto conducive to learning, in a spirit of amazement and appreciation. Best sampled indiscriminately with a vino di casa, crunchy bread and any gorgonzola at all.

The Italians make Aussie dress conventions seem exceedingly bland. Where else do men flaunt green pants and orange suits:

The landscape alone is too beautiful to ignore. It is easy to imagine medieval battles in the lush   landscape, rolling hills and valleys. From the top of town you can see Assisi glittering like a jewel, about 20 KM away:

Central Italy is also very modern, with important notable exceptions. They have worked out that they can control the access of all the little cars that want to zoom along narrow steep streets by placing electronic, remote controlled bollards. These sink into the cobblestones when an authorised resident clicks:

Traffic is a serious problem. Several pedestrians died in Perugia during our time here, as the cars don’t give a ‘fregga’ and zip down narrow streets, and all too often they park on what could serve as a footpath. This forces walkers to criss-cross the street several times in a few hundred metres, just to be off the narrow road. Even though the flat we rented faces an ancient wall, the din of traffic on both sides of the building makes for lost sleep and would certainly be unacceptable for a longer stay. I thought longingly of quiet Canberra when the Italian news reported that Australia has been rated the most pleasant place to live, whereas Italy only came 24th,. I also don’t envy them being forever inundated with tourists, a fate unlikely to arrive in Australia’s cities, especially the ACT, anytime soon.

Some Italians understand the challenges, living with historic accommodation as they do. Spoletto has the goal of becoming a ‘car free’ city, and has an amazing set of at least 7 interconnected escalators to take visitors up to the fortress. Perugia is rightfully proud of its two year old Mini-Metro, which makes it possible for outlying suburbs to reach the historic centre. It is a beautifully engineered mix of funicular railway, airport terminal shuttle, light rail, and amusement park ride, but more convenient and much cuter:

A recent feature in the Economist magazine made the mild claim that Australia lacks the leadership or vision needed for real development. I couldn’t help but wonder why Perugia, built on a steep hill with world heritage class historical buildings, has been able to build a modest, but expandable metro with only 160,000 residents. Canberra, on the other hand, with more than twice the population and the capital of a rich country, can’t set the pace for either public transport, renewable energy, or a low carbon economy, even with the Greens holding the balance of power. Sleepers, whaa?

But then another issue ran a special report on Italy, with an even more scathing assessment. The Economist is valuable because it gives the context of current events, not just the immediate news. For Italy, their history does indeed hold them back, but only because they let it. They are still kind of mediaeval in many of their restrictive work practices and have low productivity as a result. Two serious problems are getting rid of the garbage in Naples and their Prime Ministerial Palace. Reports of Mafia dumping of toxic waste in the south don’t help either.

My excuse for spending a month in Perugia was to brush up on my Italian at the University for foreigners.  The class had a mixture of young people from Libya, China, Japan, Kazakhstan, Romania, Bosnia, the US and Armenia. It was comforting that there were also a handful of older women like myself, from northern European countries. Like me, the Germans and Swiss women always arrived early for class, with completed exercises and textbooks open. Some traits must be genetic.

Hard to say how gob-smacking the place is, in addition to the challenges of a somewhat weird and irrational culture. How can they put out a text book that has two sets of alphabetic listings for the same conjugation of verbs, so that you have to look for each in the index and then go to a specific page?

This chaotic thinking probably comes from the wondrous convoluted streets and long flights of stairs lead to the ancient Centro, too picturesque after a while to warrant another photo. Layer upon layer of fumbling, building, repairing and replacing have to be expected in a place that has been continually inhabited for about 2400 years. Some places were ‘renovated’ in the 1400s. We found out that the Etruscians used travertine, and the Romans used limestone, and that is how to start distinguishing them in the walls and oldest buildings. The building for my uni was next to an Etruscian arch, which itself had Rennaissance additions:

The effort of attending classes and doing homework was certainly lightened by attending classes in a palace, even if air con hasn’t arrived yet:

Like so many other buildings here, it has a history, additions, modifications and great charm. Providing modern accoutrements and maintaining the crumbling bits has to be a major industry in Italy. The Palazzo Gallenga has furniture that is clearly recent, but fits totally into the style and colours of the older décor:

And even mundane items like garden taps show design detail and thought that we would never consider in Australia:

A few years ago, visiting Rome, I thought Italy has become a captive to its past. Now, on closer acquaintance, I see that they are part of that history, and are constantly building on the beauty and lessons of their past. Perugia was a ‘commune’ or free city before the ink was dry on the Magna Carta. But today they have a few modern problems, including unemployment in the ever poor south, but could still avoid Greece’s fate.

Even in Italy it seems impossible to escape the image of Che Guevara. It confronted me in a poster for a ‘slow food revolution’, which has (slowly) found its way to Perugia:

The cultural offerings also made us wonder what the underlying funding model might be. Pretty much every night there were concerts, or musical performances, usually in gorgeous but very old oratoria, churches, public buildings or palazzi. For free, or just a tiny donation. What can it be like, to be a young person growing up in this enormous richness, playing great saxaphone pieces surrounded by 16th century frescoes and baroque gilt?

Hearing Italians, not to mention the delight of joining in the fray, is as delicious as the pastry. Speaking Italian, even at my medicore level,  is another local sensual pleasure. The Chinese know how much fun Italy is – they are here in droves, and chatter away in Italian while they run shops, study opera, and sell clothes at the markets. One of the teachers said the Chinese girls arrive in conservative clothes, and after a week are kitted out in short skirts and groovy bags. You can hardly tell them from the Italians, except that the Italians have enviably booffy hair.

During conversation class, the teacher asked a Chinese student what his religion is. He replied ‘Communism’, to general chuckles. But it seems to me that one factor in Chinese success is that they are not saddled with dysfunctional religious rituals, obligations and animosities. The Chinese girls, unlike their Arab counterparts here, aren’t sweltering under head scarves and long garments in the summer heat. It is possible to enjoy the art without accepting the religious premises.  But this image on a satellite dish made me pause: perhaps it was a sign? Perhaps a conversion was in order, given how impressive the whole setting is? Or maybe the Italians are just using another marketing opportunity:

Posted by Ronda Jambe at 12:04 pm | Comments (5) |
Filed under: Society,Uncategorized

June 22, 2011 | Graham

The future of retail Gerry Harvey

I recently asked Gerry Harvey to “phone me” because I had some free advice for him about his campaign against GST free online purchases.

Now I have some more free advice from him sourced from Minyanville, who provided the handy info-graphic at the end of this post.

The graphic compares Amazon and WalMart – two gorillas in the international retail world.

A few things struck me.

  • WalMart is far larger than Amazon
  • Amazon is predicted to be larger than WalMart in 2024, but to be much smaller until the 2020s
  • WalMart is hitting back by going online
  • WalMart is becoming an international bricks and mortar retailer, while Amazon is already an international online retailer

As you can’t take projections 10 or 15 years out too seriously, what this suggests is that WalMart isn’t calling out for teacher to come and see off the intruder, it’s getting out there and looking to match it online and leverage its offline business model in markets where neither have a footprint.

Time some Australian retailers learned this lesson too.

Walmart Vs. Amazon
Via: Online MBA

June 21, 2011 | Graham

Are women doing better than we thought?

On Line Opinion is currently running a feature Fight for Equality prefaced on the assumption that women aren’t occupying high office in the numbers they should.

But perhaps we are a little behind the times. Debra Calder’s mum Florence Bambrick turns 100 this Friday (Debra is significant because she does the books for On Line Opinion, amongst other things).

So first congratulations to Florence, it’s quite a milestone, and I hope my mum makes it too.

Florence has received the appropriate congratulatory letters – all five of them.

Pick the man amongst the signatories:

  1. The Queen
  2. The Governor-General
  3. The State Governor
  4. The Prime Minister
  5. The Premier

To make it easier I’ll point out that she lives in Queensland.

Perhaps we’ll do a feature from the reverse point of view some time soon. Or does a different regime obtain in the public to the private sector?

(H/T Debra for pointing all of this out.)

Posted by Graham at 11:47 pm | Comments (6) |
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June 21, 2011 | Iain Nicholson

An answer to Alistair

Dear Alistair,

I thank you for your comments to my letter, G’day Australia.You are obviously also passionate, as am I, on this issue. While I do not wish to end up in a personal slanging match with you, you have also raised some very relevant points that I may or may not agree with, but must also be addressed.

Yes, I do produce animals as you put it so nicely “to kill and eat their bodies”. I like to eat meat. So does the overriding population of the world like to eat meat. So yes, I do this to survive, financialy, and to suit my needs as a human being. My decision, my right.

A liberationalist?

I would like to think my views as a person, just like yourself, but also as a professional primary producer, will bear some weight in helping solve some of the issues with which we have been confronted with by the industry, the Australian Government and the media, in this case, “Four Corners”. I hope I can do so with some professionalism and expertise.

The Government is being held to ransom by independent groups who are actually calling the shots and hold the balance of power. Publically funded media outlets such as Four Corners should be for all Australians and not show only one sided views of a topic.

I personally have abandoned, in some cases to my detriment, the production of primarily, meat producing animals to concentrate on a relatively cleaner and renewable resource that is wool. You forgot to attack that one by the way.

An environmentalist?

Good point. People have always cleared lands to produce the clothing, vegetable, cereal crops and housing that you do consume.

I do not think we can all just move back into the jungles, even if we would like to!

My Government also prevents me from further clearing my lands, and I ensure that each and every year I allocate some of my time and resources into creating and saving the environment, and wildlife and to protect these ,as does the majority of producers.

We have some great leaders, particaly in the younger generation, in this industry that are trying to achieve this.

The world as it is, is expanding at an ever increasing, alarming, and I hope, not, an imploding rate. People must eat. We are also animals and ruminants that also produce emissions, not just from our own backsides and agriculture, but from a whole range of consumerist devices. While some things are not” ideal” in yours or my ideologies, many of these are required by the people of the world.

People also need water with which to bathe, drink and to produce the resources which you also consume. That is why this is a shared, monitored and policed resource.


I would like to think that not one of my livestock ends up in a slaughter-house, but this will never be the case. I am also a realist! I have witnessed the progress that the livestock export industry of Australia has introduced and also agree, it is far from perfect, but the fact is, it is making progress! And I promise you, I have not just gained my information from watching a one-sided view on national television. I have been in this industry and grown up with it my whole life.

The graziers (of which I am one), and meat-workers, are and have been driven out of this industry by the cheap option of foreign processing. As a child, I was driven through a unionist picket line at an abattoir, with my family in the Northern Territory and witnessed the resulting demise and reconstruction of the northern cattle industry that has never fully recovered. That is why we have limited slaughtering facilities in this country. Not because of live export! Live export was put in place as a response to help solve this problem. Just as it was put in place to deal with the demise that resulted from the beaurocratic involvement and bungling that destroyed the Australian Wool Industry. Due to this, as an apprentice in my trade, I had to stand in a puddle of blood while I shot and disposed of the carcasses of sheep. I do not wish to wake up and have to do this again!

We must also take into account the results of bio-security of our borders. I personally had to sit in a helicopter in Central Australia, with a rifle and shoot cattle, due to the Governments disease eradication campaigns that were BTEC. That work should not have been in vain. I have witnessed first -hand the destruction of the animals surrounding my wife’s family farm in England caused by disease, and yes, once again, I was there. I also know and have worked with, many affected people in all of these instances, so I do know what I am talking about.

Cheap option of foreign processing?

Finally, I ask you. Where do you think that all of our resources like gas, coal, and minerals are heading? People in third world countries are dying while they process these resources in under policed societies so that we can profit and buy our processed products back at a cheaper rate. This also has an effect on animals, the environment and the people of the world, not just the workers of Australia. But does the Australian Government ban this? No!

While I appreciate your comments and endeavour, I still do not see you as an enemy. But please Alistair do not bury your head in the sand as some may end up your nose!

Posted by Iain Nicholson at 9:08 pm | Comments (3) |

June 20, 2011 | Iain Nicholson

A producer’s view of animal rights

G’day Australia,
Let me introduce myself.
I am a primary producer. For my entire life I have been involved in primary production. I would like to think that this qualifies me as a professional in my trade. So what does my trade involve? Well firstly, I produce livestock. This makes me a whole host of things. The three most important and relevant of these qualifications are thus:
Firstly, that I am a responsible carer of animals. I do this to the best of my abilities. My job, therefore, is to ensure I produce healthy, happy and well-cared for livestock, and that in the process; these animals have the best life afforded to them as possible. So, I guess that makes me an animal liberationist. If I was not then I would go broke.
Secondly, I am responsible to maintain land, be that farmland or rangeland. (I have and will continue to work in both) My job here is to maintain that land to the best of my ability. I do this for three reasons.
A. For the environment.
B. Because good land management has a positive affect on the quality and welfare of my livestock.
C. And finally so that I do not go broke.
So therefore I also regard myself as an environmentalist.
Thirdly, I am a father and loving husband. I have a responsibility to provide for my family to the best of my ability, and for the sake of their and my well-being. And also so we do not go broke.
I do these things because I love my land, my animals and my family. To continue to achieve all of this, I must rely on markets and commonsense work practices that I and others around me deem fit for me to operate with. Do I care about live export and other animal welfare and environmental issues? Of course I do! However, if someone else is making these decisions for me then my opinions are irrelevant.

Do I care what happens to my livestock once they leave my property? Of course I bloody well do! And I would like to think that the people that I have trusted to take them on, for whatever reason that may be, are professional, know their responsibilities and will carry on the work that I have begun, with the same enthusiasm as I have. In most circumstances I have found this to be the case.

I, as did my whole family, saw the TV footage, and totally agree that it was not acceptable in any way, shape or form. However, we must work diligently to weed out these few, very rotten eggs from what is otherwise a relatively healthy and ever improving basket. Yes we should take action, but it must be controlled, and take into consideration all aspects of the industry. We must be proud of the fact we are world leaders in animal welfare reform. A point that is constantly overlooked in this debate. Live export will continue the world over, consumers of the world demand and require this, but not necessarily with the same care and effort to reform that Australia is attempting to achieve. Any animal be they human or otherwise must be afforded this right. We, as Australians, are, or at least were, and in many instances still are, showing the way. Decisions should be based on fact and this is a fact.
As a producer, what does concern me is when people, be they Governments, activists, do-gooders, marketers, journalists, or even the general public, start making ill-informed, biased, one-sided decisions that result in the mistreatment of my, or anyone else’s animals.
If these decisions are detrimental to the degradation of lands, mine or anyone else’s livestock, or the livelihood and welfare of mine or anyone else’s family, be that here, or in any country, then those people will and should be held accountable for their actions.
So, make your “well-informed decisions”, go to your rallies, vote for your politicians. This is a democracy. But be warned, the decisions you make have consequences. And I plead with you, think before you act, as these consequences may be detrimental to what it is you are trying to achieve, they may be lasting, and not only will you have to live with them, you will also have to pay. I ask this of all of you for the sake of the country, the people who maintain care for and love this country, and the ultimate welfare of the animals you are trying to protect, and that we love so much.
Iain Nicholson
Boorabbin Fine Wool Merino Stud
Po Box 257,
New Norcia.
WA. 6509.

Posted by Iain Nicholson at 1:35 am | Comments (16) |

June 19, 2011 | Graham

Greens follow GetUp

It’s been a long time coming, but at last a major political party has copied one of the most effective fundraising tactics of GetUp.

If you want to support the ad embedded below you can go to this page: It’s time the big polluters did their fair share, watch the ad and donate some of the $50,000 that the Greens need to put it to air.

GetUp has been doing this for years, and in fact has run ad competitions to see which ad their supporters prefer so that they can air that. In the run-up to the 2007 election they raised over $250,000 to run a series of ads during the AFL Grand Final.

Full marks to the Greens for catching-up. I guess Liberal and Labor will now follow suit.

Posted by Graham at 9:52 pm | Comments Off on Greens follow GetUp |
Filed under: Australian Politics

June 19, 2011 | Ronda Jambe

In the Motherland

After an uneventful three week stay in New Jersey (except for the ambulance trip for my spouse and a number of mostly annoying family dramas, along with happy get togethers with friends) we headed for Germany in late May. There we spent a few very fine days with an ex-pat Aussie friend. Her lifestyle can’t be typical there, as her family is all professionals with equally successful and multi-lingual children, but they aren’t that unusual either.

At the brink of retirement they kitted out their house with all the extras to keep them cosy. In that climate, it means triple glazed windows. The walls are about 60 cm thick, and have been layered on the outside with an additional blanket of insulation, and then rendered over so you can’t tell. Most interestingly, they have taken advantage of the generous German feed-in tarriff for renewable energy, and placed 12 Kws of panels on their conveniently south-facing roof:

This means they make about 4000 euros a year off their roof, with a payback time of 7 years and a lifespan of the installation of about 20. Some argue that this feed-in tarriff is not a good investment, but from the trains we could see that a substantial number of homes and businesses now have solar panels, far more than anywhere else I’ve seen. This has to be a good start, and gets people used to thinking about energy in new ways.

Far from being old and rusted-on, the Europeans strike me as being more willing to consider experiments. For example, this apartment block in Darmstadt was designed some decades ago by the artist Hundertwasser. It includes elements of social and environmental sustainability that have made it an icon in some circles. It is surrounded by gardens and apparently is much sought after to live in, although the Gaudiesque features may not be everyone’s cup of tea:

Germany has got almost everything right. No wonder they chaff at bailing out the rest of the Eurozone. Seeing how Europe provides public transport is an eye-opener for a parochial Aussie like myself, whose main comparison has been the even less sensible United States. In New Jersey, for example, if my mother’s the small town didn’t provide the town mini bus to take oldies shopping (four times per week, twice for supermarkets and twice to big malls) getting groceries would be a serious problem for some of them, since public transport is so sparse. However, this also highlights the importance of maintaining mobility, as we were able to keep the groceries flowing by walking the ten minutes to a supermarket or pharmacy with backpacks. This might not work so well in winter.

It seems that in that part of New Jersey at least, public transport was actually better in the 1950s, before everyone got cars. My mother recalls  that she  used to travel home by bus at lunchtimes and back in an hour from the next town, an impossible trip now.

In Germany, by contrast, we were able to walk to the closest train station (less than 200 metres away in a small village) and then get to a bigger town and jump onto a train to get almost anywhere in Europe. Even with the much higher population density, it is hard to see why at least the largest 25 cities in Australia couldn’t have similar access. The largest 25 cities were the focus of our government’s urban planning strategy document, which, if I recall, omitted serious discussion of public transport.

Our impressions of German pleasantness and efficiency were tempered by the charm of the Rhineland landscape, and the pretty scenes from hills. What awaited us in Munich was even more eye-opening.

Posted by Ronda Jambe at 2:58 pm | Comments Off on In the Motherland |
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June 16, 2011 | Graham

Garnaut report uses wrong figure on sea level rises

Reader John Robertson has provided me with this intriquing insight into the Garnaut report and sea level rise. It makes you wonder.

“In its May 2011 report the ‘Climate Commission’ put the danger of ‘sea level rise’, allegedly caused by extra CO2, front and centre. It included a map which showed that ‘sea level rise’ was 1.3 – 1.8 mm/year on Australia’s east coast and 7.9 – 8.1 mm/year on the west. The latter figure was used to support a predicted a sea level rise of 0.5 – 1 metre by the end of the century. The Commission did not ask itself how our single liquid ocean manages to rise continuously 5 times further and faster on one coast than on the other.

Of course, it is doing no such thing. Western Australia is moving vertically downwards relative to the earth as a whole and is sinking compared to the land on the east and to the ocean at large. The descent of the west relative to the globe is the vertical counterpart of Australia’s horizontal motion across the surface of the earth at 70 mm/year to the north east (70 km per million years).

A comparison might be with the stern of a ship squatting downwards as it moves horizontally in the water. Western Australia is sinking very slowly into the earth’s viscous magma. The sea remains at its same level. In many other parts of the world land is rising relative to the earth’s centre and to sea level. The net result is a slight gain in land area across the globe as a whole.

The sinking in WA is real but the cause is tectonics (which gives us continental drift and earthquakes) not carbon dioxide. Australia will have to cope with this subsidence in due course. Fiddling with CO2 levels now or later will avail nothing.Sea level rise in Australia

Posted by Graham at 8:26 am | Comments (8) |
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June 13, 2011 | Graham

Australia has world’s best practice in government accountability

Australia has placed fourth in the world for open government according to the World Justice Project, which compares 66 leading countries on a variety of political indicators.

We don’t do so well on other indicators, but our result is still very healthy – if you put a lot of store in these sorts of exercises.

According to the report, Australia scores quite well in most dimensions of the rule of law. The country ranks fourth globally in the area of government accountability, reflecting a well-functioning system of checks and balances and institutions that effectively prevent, investigate, and punish instances of misconduct. Australia ranks among the top ten globally in six of the eight categories measured by the Index. The civil courts are efficient and independent, although access to translators and affordable legal counsel remains limited, particularly for disadvantaged groups. In this area, Australia scores lower than almost all high-income countries. Another area of concern is discrimination. While the country ranks among the best in the world in protecting most fundamental rights, it lags behind in guaranteeing equal treatment and non-discrimination, especially for immigrants and ethnic minorities. In this area, Australia ranks last among all high-income countries and ranks 40th globally

I’m a supporter of a Bill of Rights, but given that all of the countries we are competing against has one, do they in reality achieve much?

Posted by Graham at 4:42 am | Comments (3) |
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June 10, 2011 | Ronda Jambe

North of the Border

Greetings from Miami Beach, far from the winter of Canberra and its blustering political winds. It was more salubrious (and expensive) than expected.

In reality, I am now in Perugia, Italy. Miami seems a long time ago, although it was really just late April. Not so easy to find the time, space and internet access while travelling.

 So I am looking back a bit, and wondering how what we saw in Miami lines up with what one reads about the US economy. Not very well, as it turns out, and this is happy for those who are fortunate enough to live in that sun soaked area.

On the way to New Jersey, where I make a yearly pilgrimage to visit my old mother, we stopped for a few days in Miami. Who wouldn’t want to see the site of so many films, TV shows, books (James Grippando thrillers for example), not to mention the famous South Beach diet?


Surprise number one: the strong art deco flavour of the building in Miami Beach.

These were not just in the big hotels, but also an area of low apartments, which we saw courtesy of the local Deco Bikes, a hire service that was only marred by having to dock them every half hour. The area is fairly flat, not too much traffic, and the perfect way to tootle about and see the district.

We went into a residential area along the canal, and oggled some of the real estate. The whole place is on a sort of sand bank island, and just about at sea level. Couldn’t help but wonder if the local government there is planning for climate change.

One of my tests of civilisation for a place is the quality and décor of the ladies loos, as it tells much about general social amenity. Miami Beach passed that with bright colours and deco design:

Miami Beach at least seems very civilised, and not much sign of economic trouble either, but of course it is an enclave. People were friendly, relaxed, sometimes tanned to unnatural extremes, and rather into bling. There were so many voluptious women that I began to suspect there just might be a big market for enhancements in this city.

We saw great landscapes by well known Australian photographer Peter Lik, and a gallery with very bling, beautiful yet playful art by a Brazilian named Britto. Now I will recognise his style when I see it, he has done some famous public works.

Three characteristics I’ve always associated with Jewish people are culture, education, and money. All of this was in evidence in Miami Beach, especially in the new Frank Gehry designed concert hall, where the  local citizens largess and civic attentions have recently transformed a parking lot into a large park, with a wall for projections of the inside events. There we were able to sit on the lawn, chat with the locals (many of whom come down for the winters from the north, the ‘snowbirds’) and hear Mahler’s Sixth Symphony.

When the bourganvillea in the adjacent park grows up on these frames, it will form a bright canopy and provide shade. We saw less ambitious bouganvillea trained into trees in Mexico:

The laid back gentry of Miami Beach seem to spend a lot of time being healthy, and in the morning there was practically a traffic jam on the long broadwalk along the beach, crowded by hearty people of all ages.

I knew about the large ex-pat Cuban population in Miami, but until my own visit to Cuba I didn’t  have a perspective on that. It was still a bit of a surprise to see the anti-Cuban graffiti on the boardwalk, no doubt an indication of the wider sentiment:

Of course one gets a distorted view by seeing a small rich enclave like South Beach. There were poor people, and some people have low paying jobs, like these guys cleaning out a waterway in the Everglades, where lower than normal rain has left the alligators high and dry:

Next stop: New York area.

Posted by Ronda Jambe at 2:01 pm | Comments (1) |
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